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A child with an idea bulb; the child is expressing their thought verbally.

Communicates needs and thoughts

Communication is the ability to connect with others by exchanging ideas, opinions, and feelings. At this age, children should be able to have meaningful conversations with peers and adults and use appropriate language or gestures to communicate.

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Bornstein, M. H., Hahn, C. S., Putnick, D. L., & Suwalsky, J. T. D. (2014). Stability of core language skill from early childhood to adolescence: A latent variable approach. Child Development, 85, 1346–1356.